How to Make a Pizza

Hey pizza lovers! We’ve all experienced it – after a spirited movie night or a fun birthday party, you’re left with half-eaten pizza boxes sitting out overnight. But is it still safe to eat the next day? How long can you leave pizza out before it goes bad?

Understanding the science behind food safety is key. In this guide, we’ll cover how long pizza can safely be left at room temperature, the best ways to store leftovers, signs of spoiled pizza, and tips to revive refrigerated pizza. Plus, we’ll share a bonus section on how to make a pizza from scratch for fresh, homemade goodness. Let’s dive in!

How Long Can Pizza Be Left Out?

FDA Guidelines

When it comes to leaving pizza out, timing is everything. According to the FDA, perishable foods like pizza shouldn’t sit at room temperature for too long:

  • 2 hours at temperatures above 90°F.
  • 1 hour at temperatures from 40°F to 90°F.

Beyond these limits, the risk of microbial growth skyrockets, leading to potential foodborne illnesses. So, in typical household conditions, uneaten fresh pizza should go into the fridge within an hour of being baked or delivered. Leaving pizza out for more than 2 hours? It’s best to toss it to avoid any health risks.

Optimal Storage for Pizza Leftovers

Steps for Maximizing Freshness

To maximize leftover pizza freshness:

  • Cool Completely: Let the pizza cool completely before boxing it up if freshly baked – at least 30 minutes.
  • Airtight Containers: Place pizza in airtight containers or wrap well in aluminum foil.
  • Seal and Refrigerate: Ensure all slices are cooled and the box is sealed before refrigerating.
  • Timely Refrigeration: Refrigerate pizza within the FDA time limits.

Properly stored in the fridge, leftover pizza will maintain the best quality for 3-4 days. For optimal flavor and texture, try to eat refrigerated pizza within 1-2 days if possible.

Freezing Leftover Pizza

Steps for Long-Term Storage

For longer-term storage:

  • Cool Completely: Cool the pizza completely before freezing – at least 30 minutes after baking.
  • Wrap Well: Wrap cooled slices in plastic wrap or foil, or place them in airtight bags or containers.
  • Exclude Air: Exclude as much air as possible.
  • Freeze Promptly: Freeze pizza within the 2-hour food safety time frame.

Once frozen, pizza lasts 2-3 months. Be sure to label frozen pizza with the date for easy tracking. While frozen pizza maintains its safety indefinitely, it will gradually lose quality over months.

Signs of Spoiled Pizza

Warning Signs to Discard Pizza

Watch out for these signs that pizza leftovers have spoiled:

  • Off Odors: Sourness or mustiness.
  • Mold Growth: Fuzziness or sliminess.
  • Changes in Color or Texture: Any noticeable changes.
  • Drying Out: Drying out of slices and toppings.
  • Off Taste: Bitterness or sourness.

When old pizza exhibits multiple signs of spoilage, it’s not worth the risk. Remember the standard food safety guideline: When in doubt, throw it out!

Reviving Refrigerated Pizza Slices

Tips to Restore Freshness

While refrigerated leftover pizza keeps its safety for a few days, the texture often suffers, becoming soggy. Try these tips to bring it back to life:

  • Reduce Condensation: Let fridge-cold slices sit out for 10-15 minutes.
  • Reheat Properly: Reheat refrigerated slices in a hot skillet or toaster oven at 400°F for about 3 minutes per side.

This short reheat in a hot pan or oven will restore the texture of the crust without over-drying the cheese and toppings.

Maximizing Safety and Freshness of Pizza Leftovers

Best Practices for Storage and Safety

Storing pizza properly ensures the best quality and safety. Follow these best practices:

  • Timely Refrigeration: Refrigerate uneaten fresh pizza within 1-2 hours.
  • Seal Tightly: Seal tightly in airtight containers or foil before chilling.
  • Use Quickly: Use leftover pizza within 3-4 days.
  • Freeze for Longer Storage: Freeze additional leftovers for longer storage.
  • Check for Spoilage: Always check for signs of spoilage before consuming.
  • Revive Slices: Revive soggy refrigerated slices with a quick reheat.

With the right handling, leftover pizza can be safely enjoyed for several days after baking or delivery. Just be diligent with chilling times and storage!

Bonus Section: How to Make a Pizza

Quick Tips for Homemade Pizza

For a bit of fun and the best taste, here’s how to make a pizza from scratch:

  • Dough Preparation: Start with a basic dough recipe, allowing it to rise properly.
  • Sauce: Use a simple tomato sauce seasoned with herbs and spices.
  • Toppings: Add your favorite toppings, such as cheese, pepperoni, vegetables, and more.
  • Baking: Preheat your oven to a high temperature (around 475°F) and bake until the crust is golden and the cheese is bubbly.
  • Serving: Slice and serve hot, enjoying the freshness of homemade pizza.

Conclusion: The Takeaway – 1-2 Hours Pizza Safety Rule


When wondering, “How long can pizza sit out?” remember the food safety guidelines allow for 1-2 hours maximum at room temperature. Refrigerating uneaten pizza within that timeframe ensures you can safely enjoy delicious leftovers without risking foodborne illness. Follow storage protocols, check for spoilage, and revive soggy slices to get the most from your pizza – no waste! Plus, enjoy making fresh homemade pizza for the best taste and quality. Happy eating!